To ensure sole authorship during the making of my knives I do all operations including heat treating. I enjoy doing filework and any filework on my knives is done by me. A hand rubbed finish on the blades and bolsters is standard on all knives I make. I prefer to use natural materials for handles, including pearl, stag, bone, legal ivories, oosic and exotic woods. With straight knives, stabilized wood is my favorite. A number of knifemakers have helped me along with their patience, advice and shared knowledge, and to them I offer my special thanks.